Bearded Dragon UVB Light Requirement

Bearded dragons come from the hot desert areas of Australian, where they spend any time of the day basking under the sunlight. This is because they need to receive heat, UVA, UVB radiation naturally from the sun.

All the bearded dragon’s keepers will know UVB is essential for the health of your bearded dragons. Therefore if you are the new owner, it is important to understand their UVB light requirement and learn how to provide adequate UVB for bearded dragons.

UVB lighting schedule for bearded dragons

For the people who just get a start in this keeping bearded dragons hobby, You may wonder that how many hours per day for bearded dragons get enough amount of UVB rays?

In order to mimic the natural environment of bearded dragons in their enclosure, you should allow your bearded dragons exposure with the UVB light bulb for about 14-16 hours of the daytime during the summer. And during the nighttime, your bearded dragons should be provided 10-12 hours of UVB light.

Besides, you should turn on the UVB light bulbs 1 hour before and after you feed them. This will encourage your bearded dragons to eat more. They can easily digest their food and absorb any calcium and vitamin included in their food.

Choosing UVB light bulb for your bearded dragons

There are many unreliable UVB light bulbs for reptiles out there. Some coil and compact bulb may produce UVB that too much high intensive of UVB rays, which can overheat or even blind your bearded dragons.

This is important to choose the bulbs from a reliable and trustworthy manufacturer. When it comes to UVB bulb for bearded dragon, you are recommended to use fluorescent or mercury vapor bulbs.

You are absolute can choose the all in one kind of UVB bulbs, which will offer your reptiles UVA, UVB and heat.

Replacing UVB bulbs

Over time, the amount of UVB radiation will decrease. The bulbs still emit light but it is not the UVB that your bearded dragons need. You should replace these UVB bulbs every 6-12 months. This time will change depending on your types of UVB bulbs.

Top 10 Seed Banks

Before we make a list of the top 10 seed banks, it helps us discuss what a seed bank is. Maybe many of us do not know about it.

A seed bank is a place to store seeds for the purpose of preserving a variety of genetics or it can also be called a bank for genes.

The reasons for storing seeds in a seed bank, among others, are to protect rare plant species or endangered plants and to produce good quality plants.

Keeping the seeds in the seed bank is of very high quality because they are kept at the right temperature to keep their genes intact.

Here are the Top 10 Seed Banks:

#1 Crop King Seeds, originating from Canada

Can ship worldwide with full service 7/24. Here you can find Indica, Marijuana hybrid or Sativa types. This company has 30 seeds to choose from. This company guarantees that you will definitely receive goods from them.

#2 Quebec Cannabis Seeds, originating from Canada

Shipping worldwide with various payment options that make it easy for customers. This company is a leading provider of cannabis strain in Canada.

Quebec Cannabis Seeds is the best company to meet your seed needs. In 2013 they started breeding high quality cannabis seeds.

#3 MSNL Seed Banks, Originally from the Netherlands

Sending worldwide, MSNL is a reliable seed provider.

The company became famous for winning awards that guarantee good quality seeds.

#4 Seedman Seed Bank, Derived from England

This seed bank has been around for a long time, in 2003, so this company is already trusted and can certainly ship worldwide.

#5 Seed Supreme Seed Banks, Bersala from England

A company that was founded in 2013. A good company with as many positive reviews as they can. Various bonuses are offered by this company.

#6 True North Seed Bank, a native of Canada

This company only sells fresh seeds that are good for medical purposes.

#7 Nirvana Shop Seed Banks, Originally from the Netherlands

It was a long time since 1995, making the company the oldest as a seed bank.

#8 The Attitude Seedbank, Derived from the United Kingdom

Crowned itself as a superstore, many promotions are offered by this company.

#9 Bomb Seed Bank, Originally from the Netherlands

Delivering hidden packaging that is safe and secure to your place.

#10 Gorilla Seed Banks, Bersala from United Kingdom

Although it hasn’t been long established, the company still guarantees good quality seeds.

Why Do You Need Heat Mat For Leopard Geckos?

Leopard geckos are crepuscular; that means they will sleep through the day and shelter deeply underground to hind away from sunlight. They become more active when it is duck and down.

Leopard geckos absorb heat through their belly and they able to digest their food in this way. This is the reason why you should provide them the heat mat for leopard geckos.

Do leopard gecko need heat mat?

Unlike bearded dragons, leopard geckos do not bask under the direct sunlight and receive heat from the sun. This way they do not need the basking lamp in their cage, this lamp could easily burn your leopard geckos. However, your geckos also need a heat source and the place to go to get warmth.

Your leopard geckos simply need a heat mat reptile, which located on the bottom of the tank and allows them to receive heat on their underside and will last so much longer. A heat mat will help your leopard geckos digest their food. Without this heat mat for just one day, your gecko won able to digest food and get hard when they go to the potty.

How to set up heat mat for leopard geckos?

There are many different sizes of heat mats for leopard geckos, but it is better to choose the heat mat that covers roughly 1/3 the tank bottom. The heat mat will come with rubber feet.

Sticking these feet on the one side of the tank bottom. You will need to lift the tank a little to ensure the heat lamp does not touch the ground. This will prevent the heat pad to become overheat and causing damages for the tank wall.

When finished setting up of heat mat, place your substrate, décor inside. Turn the mat on to regular temperature. We recommend you to buy a thermostat to help you maintain proper temperature.

Buying Guide: Camping Heater

I visited a youth camp in the southern part of my country last September. The winter season was unfortunately almost over, as I thought. With my camping sleeping bag, I was sure everything would be fine with me. However, when it was dark, the next thing I knew, I got out of my hot bag and froze in my tent, as the temperature continued to drop like traces of winter madness.I went to my friend’s camp tent and there I was, embarrassed, I shared their heater and spent the whole night with them. Lesson learned: Sleeping bags are good, but camp heaters are better.

There are many camping heater available on the market today, as our constantly changing and modern technologies have made this possible. If you are lucky enough to camp on-site with electricity, you can bring your electric heater to your tent.

However, you should be responsible enough to keep an eye on your electric camping heater, because I bet the next thing you want to see is to see your tent on fire or be electrocuted. So, it is better not to leave it unattended; otherwise you will have big problems.

Gas catalytic camping heaters, on the other hand, are more desirable, especially if you are relaxing with children. This is safer compared to an electric heater, as it uses propane without an open flame, even large companies, cargo ships, and the military use this type of camp.

To ensure our safety at camp, it is necessary, remember that whenever we use our camp heater, there should always be a space for ventilation. We must leave the ventilation or window open to allow air and humidity to circulate. Our tent will be hotter if we get rid of the natural moisture that accumulates during the night.

In the end, everything comes down to extreme caution in any camp heater that we can choose from in the market. It is imperative that we can arrange a safe, not just for ourselves, but for everyone at the camp, as we want nothing more than to enjoy every moment in this camp with everyone.

Why do you need the best aquarium vacuum?

It is needless to say that, safety and healthy habitat made an important contribution to help prolong the fish life. That means you should keep your aquarium always clean and maintain. Investing in the best aquarium vacuum is the easiest and quick way to help you clean your fish tank.

Instead of traditional cleaning way, messy and laborious; the best aquarium vacuum cleaner will bring you a great experience of clean. If you have any stagger about buying a vacuum or not, read our article below.

What are aquarium vacuum cleaners use for?

One of the main benefits of an aquarium vacuum is that remove debris such as dirt, waster, die plant, uneaten meals in the tank. Cleaning substrate and giving back a safe and clean habitat for your fish and aquarium plants.

Besides, this method eliminates a large amount of ammonia and nitrate accumulation in the tank over time and get harm to your fish. This device also helps you maintain the right range of pH that is some fish only survive in there.

Not only that, but the tube of an aquarium vacuum also allows you to clean your gravel and siphon water out of the tank at the same time. It is the best aquarium water changer. That means you can more quickly drain water straight out of the aquarium by using a vacuum.

How to choose the right size of aquarium vacuum?

There are a lot of types and brands of aquarium vacuum that come in various sizes and designs. To choose the right size of the vacuum, first, you should determine the current size, the measurement, the amount of gallon that your fish tank contains.

Buying a small vacuum cleaner for a big tank that means the cleaning progress is slow and deficiencies. Meanwhile, a big vacuum cleaner use for a small fish tank can be dangerous for your fish.

What to consider when choosing the best plastic glue?

When making furniture crafts or reinforcing any household tools, you definitely will not lack glue bottles. This is a tool to help you attach the parts of the device quickly.

However, there are different types of glue for different materials, such as mental glue, glue for glass, glue for wood or glue for plastic. The most common household appliance material is plastic, and the glue for plastic is also the most widely used.

But not every bottle of glue you find on the market is the best plastic glue. It needs to meet some of the following factors in order to become the best:

#1 Material

Plastics have two main types: hard plastic and flexible plastic, so glue for plastic is also classified under these two materials. Some work only with hard plastic and some work only with soft plastic.

However, you can also choose some types of glue that work well on all types of materials so that you can use it with some other surfaces.

#2 Viscosity

The viscosity, or texture of plastic glue, is also an important factor that influences your crafting process. The plastic glue usually has 3 main texture: thin, middle and thick, you can also think of this as the thickness of the glue.

The plastic glue has a thin texture and dries quite quickly, it does not require you to spread the glue on the surface with your hands. However, you will not have much time to adjust before the glue dries.

Medium-strength adhesive is easy to clean when it is not yet dry so that you can create the perfect appearance for the adhesive surface.

As the thick adhesive is suitable for the wide surface to be glued, it also gives you plenty of time to adjust before the glue dries.

#3 Drying time

You should choose an adhesive with moderate drying time, which means it should not be too fast for you to adjust or too long to link the materials together.

The strongest plastic glue should have a drying time of about 10 to 15 seconds so that you have enough time to adjust the surfaces to attach the glue.

How to choose the best boning knife for chicken?

Not every kitchen needs a boning knife but it is imperative if you want to removing meat from bones.

Unlike the other regular kitchen knives, they are thinner and length about 6-12 cm in general. The main function of this knife is boning and cutting.

Some chefs prefer to use a boning knife to detach bones and skin from chicken meat. Sometimes, it is also useful for filleting fish.

There are many best boning knife reviews on the internet, these knives have different in size, style, brand, quality, function, price and it will take a lot of time to pick the right boning knife for you.

So what you should care about before buying the boning knife for chicken?

#1 Types

There are two kinds of a boning knife is flex boning knife and stiff boning knife.

If you are looking for the best boning knife for chicken, we advise you to choose a flex boning knife. It is better to eradicate bones from poultry or soft meat than the stiff.  It has better control and elasticity. It’s smaller and works perfectly in thin meats and soft bones base on its ability of flexible and elastic.

#2 Size

If you read the best boning knife review, you will know that every size of boning knife provides only one purpose. That means, there is no one-size-knife can use perfectly for different kinds of food, receipt, etc.

Generally, the blade of a boning knife has a size of 5-7 inches. The smaller the blades get, the more flexibility it brings. But you will need to use a large blade sometime. It’s a good idea to have both of them in your kitchen.

#3 Material

The material is also an important part to consider. Luckily, most boning knives available are made of high carbon, tempered, and stainless steel which are use-friendly and no harm to your health.

High carbon material provides a lightweight product. Meanwhile, cold steel is durable than others, and stainless steel is common and easy to buy at any store.

How to Make Dabs: 3 Simple Way to Make Dabs

Dabbing is the latest cannabis craze, and it’s spreading like Wildfire. The process involves applying measured pressure and heat on concentrated marijuana extracts.

The DIY method was popularized by hashish connoisseurs a few years ago, and the rest has been history. It has taken off quite well.

The steps below will tell you how to make dabs at home.

You may want to see:

#1 Using butane

Some care is necessary when using highly flammable butane. As an apprentice, it is safer for you to stay away from the butane when making shatter or dab. It is only for the dab masters unless you want to blow the whole place up.

The solvation method using butane is a bit complicated, but it involves passing the liquid through raw cannabis. The butane dissolves the main organic compounds such as THC and CBD. When the butane evaporates, it leaves behind a concentrate, rich in phytocannabinoids.

#2 Using alcohol

Using alcohol to dab is much simpler and safer compared to the butane process.

To go about it

  • Prepare small round nugs and put them inside the glass. Pour some alcohol, which can be isopropyl or ethanol, into the glass and cover the nugs sufficiently. Let it sit for not more than 10 minutes, and stir periodically within this time.
  • You will need a source of heat to evaporate the alcohol to obtain a high-quality concentrate for dabbing. But be careful with how much heat you use for this process. It should be low for the best results. It may take a few hours, but it will not destroy the most critical cannabis components.
  • If done correctly, you should get a sticky mass with minimal alcohol. If, in any case, it gets hard, you can transfer the mass to another container and obtain as much wax as possible.
  • Filter the concentrate in another clean glass and evaporate the rest of the concentrate using warm water.

#3 Rosin Method

The rosin method produces a better-tasting dab than from alcohol or butane. It is solventless and, therefore the safest method that anybody searching for how to make dabs at home can learn.

You will need a hair straightener, parchment paper, a dabber or a collection tool, and marijuana.

  • Control the temperature of the hair straightener to about 250 to 300°F. If your device does not have a thermostat, set it at medium to low temperatures. Leave it to heat.
  • Place some cannabis into the parchment paper, and make sure it does not exceed the width of the hair straightener. There should be enough paper on either side to collect the dab.
  • Fold the paper in two to cover the weed with parchment, and place the straightener over it. You should squeeze down for about 5 seconds. You should hear a sizzle. Put the paper down gently, and it’ll be ready to collect.
  • The squashed weed will be side by side with the rosin when you open the parchment. Do it gently. Collect the rosin using a dabber and dispense it into a separate container.
  • You can squash a little more out of the weed by repeating the above steps.

Now that you know how to make dabs, the next process should be on how to smoke dabs. How do you go about smoking dabs?

You can use an oil rig. The glass pipe has a vertical chamber, small titanium or glass nail, and a mouthpiece. Fill this oil rig with water, and heat the nail until it is red hot before applying your chosen concentrate.

The concentrate is converted to smoke that you inhale. You can as well vape it or use it in a joint.

Read more: How to Make Distillate at Home.

Best Steam Mop for Hardwood Floors

Hardwood is naturally a very absorbent material, and exposure to water can swell, deform, twist and mold it. A steam cleaner by its very nature uses steam heated water to clean and disinfect the surface of a floor or carpet. This steam can penetrate cracks and crevices to kill germs and bacteria, but when used on a hardwood floor, moisture can remain in cracks and crevices, causing problems for the future.

You will find below a list of the best mops for hardwood floors.

#1 O-Cedar Microfiber Steam Mop

O-Cedar is perfect for your wood floors, with a padded microfiber pad and a special triangular mop head. It also has an accessory for cleaning carpets. It is best for its robust build quality, long warranty and versatility. It is lightweight and very easy to use. Better yet, it’s one of the cheapest in its class! Click here to buy the best pressure washer for less than $100.

#2 Bissell PowerFresh

This steam mop is also one of Amazon’s best-selling steam mops. This is because it is inexpensive, versatile and intelligently designed. The mop pad is very practical, with its full fit and expandable attachment.

#3 Shark Professional Steam Mop

The Shark Professional Handheld Steam Mop comes with a very large mop head, a large boiler tank, two double sided mop pads and many smart features. It will cover all your basic needs by mopping without breaking the bank.

#4 Steamboy reliable

The Reliable Steamboy 300Cu is a favorite steam mop on the market right now for many buyers. It does a great job on all types of flooring, but it is especially good for hardwoods! It’s very dry and “dry” steam leaves very little moisture and avoids traces during cleaning. Continue reading here to see the top 8 best mops for hardwood floors.

Although the Reliable is a little less popular than the highly commercial Bissell or Shark, it is undoubtedly more powerful. It is recommended to anyone who wishes to benefit from the highest quality option.

Which steam mop is made for you and your wood floors? Having both hardwood floor and tiling or linoleum? the Bissell PowerFresh is certainly the most versatile of recommendations, apart from the more expensive Reliable Steamboy. PowerFresh Easy Scrubbing Brush can penetrate tile grout to clean your bathroom. O-Cedar and Shark have cloth mop heads, which can handle tile grout, but they are not ideal for that.

The shark gives you a little of both in a package. It features the Bissell Mop Head and O-Cedar, as well as the cleaning ability of O-Cedar carpets. It gives you two mop heads, the equivalent of 4 cloths, and a sturdy mop handle for a reasonable price. Nevertheless, it cannot compete with the Reliable for the quality of its power or the quality of its manufacture.

Although all of the models recommended here is an excellent choice for your home, overall, Bissell PowerFresh will still be recommended as the best stain mop for hardwood floors.